3. Results

Responses we have gotten ranging from Secondary 2 pupils to adults aged from 28 to 45:

Question 1; What does water quality mean to you?


Most people think that water quality is about the water being clean and pure. This is to show that Singapore's water is clean and is fit for drinking. Our investigation is to help Singapore IMPROVE the standard of water, as well as think of other ways for them to obtain water. Now, as we all know, Singapore is experiencing a period of dry spells. Malaysia's imported water may decrease due to the weather. Thus, we need to find new ways in order to increase the rate of water we are receiving.

Question 2: Which part of Singapore do you live in?

It is evident that most people that we have surveyed stay in the West. Subsequently, the South, East, North and finally, Central. We have asked this question as we want to know the water quality in various parts of Singapore. Although Singapore is relatively small, water in different parts of Singapore may vary a lot. Thus, we need to know the water quality. You might think it is the same as any other part but you are wrong. It is different and through this, we can improve the quality of water accordingly. 

Question 3a: Do you think the water in Singapore is slightly overpriced?

Most people,  44.1% agree that it is slightly overpriced but only for certain brands. In one of the survey responses, it said "Only Dasani is expensive but I have no idea why since the water quality is the same as the others". Adding on, out of the 43 people we have surveyed, about 30% of them said that water is not overpriced. Thus, we are able to conclude that This shows that only some kinds of water are overpriced but others, are reasonable.

Question 3b: Why do you say so?
From what is shown, most people have answered that the water is overpriced because companies need profit. The other half says that water quality is the same and they feel that it is unfair to pay more. A minority have answered that more effort is needed in order to obtain the water and that it is not overpriced. We have a totally different set of opinions here but looking at the question in whole, I feel that the water is overpriced because companies need profit and more effort is needed to get the water from the sources. 

Question 4: Approximately how many litres do you use everyday?
From this graph, we can conclude that most people waste approximately 21 to 30 litres of water per day. This goes to show that they are trying their best not to waste so much water. As you can see, the demand for more water is directly proportionate to the growing population. With more people in Singapore (whether foreign or local), Singapore needs to get even more sources for water so that the people will be provided with an adequate amount of water. 

Question 5a: Do you think you are using water responsibly?
From this pie chart, a lot of them claimed that they are using water responsibly while the others say they do not use water responsibly. We can see that they have cultivated good habits in order for this outcome to happen. I truly hope that they will continue to use water responsibly as it is becoming scarce and we need to treasure what we have before it is gone.  

Question 5b: Justify your answer (in what ways are you using it responsibly/not responsibly)

From this graph we can see that a large number (39/49) save water by doing simple actions like turning off the tap and taking shorter showers. This is good as it helps Singapore save water! Other than that, we can see that most people conserve water in all the nitty gritty things they do in their lives. It may seem like a small gesture but if you look at it in a big picture, it is actually worth a lot!

Question 6: What kind of pollutants do you think there are in Singapore's water?

Most of them said litter and chemicals pollute the water in Singapore. Of course, there are! Singapore is trying its best to get rid of the pollutants via processes such as desalination or NEWater etc. NEWater is the process in which reclaimed water produced from treated used water that is further purified using advance membrane technologies and ultra-violet disinfection, making it ultra-clean and safe to drink! Thus, the pollutants that affect Singapore can be easily gone via such processes. 

Question 7: In what ways can we use water for essential purposes?

Most people say that most daily activities are necessary except for recreational water activities. It is true that it may not be as important as the rest. In comparison, we do the rest in our daily lives whereas for water activities (swimming etc), well, not so much. Thus, it is not really considered to be important and should be reduced in order for water to be used to its fullest!


Question 8a: Singapore has adopted many ways in order for us to have clean water. Which one below do you think is the most effective?
This graph concludes that most people think that NEWater is the most effective way to have clean water. It shows that most people trust NEWater and its clean water, though they believe in the others too.

Question 8b: Elaborate on why that way to obtain clean water is most effective

Most people say the method (s) are effective because it is good due to the fact that it is very 
advanced in technology. However most say that the methods chosen are cheap, clean and can recycle dirty water (which in turn conserves water). Our team believes that what the people are saying is true and we should play a part in ensuring that our water is clean! 

Question 9: How do you think we can improve on those methods?
Most believe that in order to improve these methods and thus increase the water quality, one of the solutions can be improvements in technology (devise a system such that it cleans up after humans act or cleans up the rubbish efficiently)  or advocate the choice of not littering (so that the water will not be polluted/contaminated). 

Question 10: What do you use water for?
This shows that most people say that they use water for drinking. Others also use water for other purposes, but this shows that a lot of people use water to hydrate themselves when they are thirsty.

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