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Brainstorming of topics:

Johanna Lim Ziyun: 


Kok Li Ying:

Link: http://popplet.com/app/#/1133589

Chong Yong Liang:


Ng Wei Jie:


Topic that we have chosen:
The investigation of obtaining clean water


Reason for choosing this:
 In most countries,the water might be contaminated, so we have decided to investigate this situation and find a feasible solution to it so that they will be clean enough and will be safe to use. Water pollution is the most critical environmental problem presently. Thus, we have to do something in order to prevent people using the water will not fall sick. If not, it will be too late as many people will continuously fall sick and have to be sent to the hospital for treatment.



 When we are thirsty, we tend to take a glass of water and drink. Although most people may not know, hidden in the water are full of germs and harmful bacteria that make you fall sick. Thus, this has to be investigated and solved so that it is safe for everyone to drink, and everyone can lead their life normally.

Questions we have come up with individually: (minimum of two questions per person)

*Note that 'c' will stand for 'Close-Ended Questions' and 'o' will stand for 'Open-Ended Questions' 

Johanna Lim Ziyun, Project Manager: 
1) Why do we need clean water? (o)
2) How might we solve this situation? (o)
3) Which country wastes the most water? (o)
4) How do we ensure that this will not happen in the future? (o)
5) How might we use water for essential use only and not for other non-important purposes? (o)
6) How much water does each household use per day? (estimate) (o)
7) Do you waste water? (c)
8) In desperate measures, would you drink contaminated water? (c)
9) Is water considered important to you? (c)
10) If getting water was impossible, how will you feel? (o)
11) What will you do if you had to use a limited amount of water per day? (o)

Kok Li Ying, Research Specialist:
1) Why is water getting wasted more and more? (o)
2) How many percent of the world get contaminated water? (o)
3) Which countries have contaminated water? (o)
4) Do you think that there will not be any water left for us after many, many years? (c)
5) Is there a way for people to survive without water? (c)
6) How might we prevent water from being contaminated? (o)

Ng Wei Jie, Communications Leader
1) Why is so much water needed? (o)
2) Is there enough water needed for us? (c)
3) Why is water being polluted? (o)
4) Why do we waste water even though we know it is precious? (o)
5) Which is more precious, rare rubies, or water? (o)
6) If water is everywhere, does that mean we can drink it anywhere by sucking from the ground? (c)
7) If water is  needed for everything, what can we do without it? (o)
8) Is there any place where getting water is almost impossible? (c)
9) What can we replace water with? (o)
10) Is there a way to decrease the needed amount of water we need everyday? (c) If yes, what? (o)

Chong Yong Liang, Multi-Media Manager:
1) Which country wastes the most water? (c)
2) Does any country have a way to turn sea water into drinking water? (c)
3) How many countries do not have a clean/good source of water? (c) How can we help them? (o)
4) What would you do with water if you only had a little bit each day? (o)
5) If you wanted to help the needy get water, how far would you go on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 being simple, like donating water and 10 being complexed like building a water filter? (c)

Discussing the value of each type of question:


 1) Close-Ended Questions    
Advantages of it:
- You will get a direct answer straightaway and it will make the areas you need to research in clearer, so
  that your research will be more vivid and in-depth. 
- It is easier and quicker for respondents to answer.
- The answers of different respondents are easier to compare, thus getting a more accurate result. 
- Answers are easier to code and statistically analyse.
Closed-ended questions can be more specific, thus more likely to communicate similar meanings. 

Disadvantages of it:

-Not all objectives (or learning objectives) can be assessed by means of closed-ended questions.
-May affect the participants' response if their desired answer is not a choice 
-Recording mistakes can be made and not noticed 
-It forces participants to give simple answers to complex questions, thus, not really expressing what
 they think deep down. 
-May result in an incomplete answer which may/may not be helpful in your research

2) Open-Ended Questions

Advantages of it: 

-Facilitates enhanced levels of cooperation and understanding 
-Provides the opportunity for others to express themselves more openly and honestly
-Encourages others to provide information including their ideas, concerns and feelings
-Assists in creating a positive learning and sharing experience
-Allows others to share what is present for them, with no restrictions 


-Cutting down error

It cuts down on error from the respondents as they are not likely to forget their answers as opposed to filling up a survey with a mere ‘yes’ or a ‘no’. It encourages respondents to think before answering and also sharpens their verbal and communication skills.



Disadvantages of it:

-People may not be able to understand it and thus, give a wrong answer. 
-Open-ended questions may not lead to a satisfying answer. Sometimes the answer to an open-ended question is rambling or incoherent, and does not provide the answer the questioner is looking for.
-Comparisons and statistical analysis become difficult
-Coding responses is difficult and what is more, articulate and highly literate respondents have an advantage to illiterate respondents. 
-Questions may be too general for respondents who lose direction/attention easily. 

Changing questions from one type to another: 

Johanna Lim Ziyun, Project Manager:
1) Changing from close-ended to open-ended
Original question: In desperate measures, would you drink contaminated water?
Changed question: In what way would it affect your life if you had to drink contaminated water?

2) Changing from open-ended to close-ended
Original question: If getting water was impossible, how will you feel?
Changed question: Would you feel disappointed and unjustified if getting water was impossible?

Chong Yong Liang, Multi-media Manager:
1) Changing from close-ended to open-ended
Original question: Does any country have a way to turn sea water into drinking water?
Changed question: Which country has a way to turn sea water into drinking water?

2) Changing from open-ended to close-ended
Original question: If you wanted to help the needy get water, how far would you go on a scale of 1 to
10, 1 being simple, like donating water and 10 being complexed like building a water filter?
Changed question: Would you do something extreme to help the needy?


Kok Li Ying, Research Specialist:
1) Changing from close-ended to open-ended
Original question: Is there a way for people to survive without water?
Changed question: In what ways can we survive without water? 2) Changing from open-ended to close-ended
Original question: How might we prevent water from being contaminated?
Changed question: Are there ways that we can prevent water from being contaminated?


Ng Wei Jie, Communications Manager:
1) Changing from close-ended to open-ended
Original question: Do you save water?
Changed question: In what ways do you save water?

2) Changing from open-ended to close-ended
Original question: In what situation will you drink water that is poisoned?
Changed question: Will you drink water that is poisoned if you had no choice? (E.g. 2nd day without water)


Prioritising your questions
Choose the three most important ones:
1) How might we use water for essential use only and not for other non-important purposes? 
2) How many countries do not have a clean/good source of water? How can we help them? 
3) In desperate measures, would you drink contaminated water? 

Why did we rank these questions as most important?
We ranked these questions as most important as they would be of vital help to our research. As we ask these questions, we will be able to gain more information from the crowd and formulate and investigate into the matter more easily. Other than that, it is important as it will give us a direct and clear answer to what we are asking for, people will also not be confused and give us beneficial and helpful answers to aid us in the research. 

What are the numbers of your priority questions?
The numbers of our priority questions are 4, 5 and 8. 

MOVING ON…
How are you going to use your questions in order for the research to be a success? 
We are going to use our questions by asking the crowd (by doing a survey) and gathering answers. Along as we investigate, these questions will also act as a guideline to what we are finding out and the reason why. It sums up the our whole topic in about 3 sentences. 

REFLECTION
What did you learn? How can you use what you have learnt?
Johanna Lim Ziyun:
I have learnt that people in this world are very unfortunate as they have to live with contaminated water, unlike us who have clean water. I believe that this matter should be looked into as these people are suffering each day. Some countries even have to fight for water, which leads to water politics. The citizens do not have enough water and have to fight for it from other countries. Do you think it is fair to them? I think we should resolve this problem as it concerns the public and the path of our lives. Without clean water, we may be poisoned and it would thus, lead to death. I also learnt that we should not take things for granted and instead treasure it as one day, it might be gone forever. (our water supply) Instead of just wasting it, we should actually utilise it to the fullest and stop the wastage.

I can use what I have learnt in this project as I now know the content and context of the situation we are dealing with. When we handle it, I will at least know what is happening and what the needs of the people are. Other than that, I can also see the feelings of others so that I might know their pains and sufferings from this ordeal. Water is important in this world and we should go all means to help those with contaminated water. The last thing I have learnt is that water is precious and people will go through desperate measures in order to have it, as a result, we need to investigate and find a solution to clean water!

Chong Yong Liang:
I learnt that water is very valuable and I should not waste it and should appreciate being in singapore where ample water is provided by the government

Kok Li Ying:
I have learnt we are considered quite fortunate that we have access to clean water, unlike in other countries who only have access to contaminated water.

Ng Wei Jie:
I feel that if people would try to save water, people wouldn't be complaining that water is getting more expensive, and would be able to use the water for other major reasons. Some people just complain, but they never try to change, so they only just sit there and blame others for water wastage.

FINAL RESEARCH TOPIC:
An investigation of obtaining clean water and the solution to prevent them from happening in the 21st Century. (Singapore)

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